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Throughout the project we have regularly prioritised users and stakeholders from each category and made sure that a specific project member has been allocated to coordinate the interface to the specific stakeholders and maintain continuous review. As the project progresses, we have identified and come to the conclusion that Wf4Ever could deliver the highest impact by focusing on the following three main sectors of priority communities: scientists, librarians, and publishers.

5.1 Engagement with the digital libraries and preservation community

Wf4Ever project members have made significant effort in areas with a potential impact in the digital libraries and preservation community. Such work includes: contributions to standards, uptake of existing results of the community, collaboration with projects and related initiatives, publications, and engagement with EC initiatives.

--       Need Update Y3: Participation in the W3C Open Annotation community group

--       Need Update Y3: PSNC potential collaborations both in the contexts of the Europeana initiative and the Alliance for Permanent Access (APA) in order to maximize outreach of Wf4Ever's result in the community.

--       Need Update Y3: Has the project been presented in any project concertation meeting?

--       Need Update Y3: Wf4ver is collaborating with other projects in the digital preservation area like the EU project SCAPE and NSF's DataOne

--       Need Update Y3: Engagement in curation and sustainability initiatives like the Digital Curation Center (DCC) and the Software Sustainability Institute (SSI).

Our work is being presented in high quality conferences in the area:

  • Wf4Ever members organised the 1st International Workshop on the Digital Preservation of Research Methods and Artefacts (DPRMA 2013) at the Joint Conference on Digital Libraries 2013.
  • Wf4Ever members co-organised and delivered the tutorial "From Preserving Data to Preserving Research - Curation of Process and Context" at both iPres 2013 and TPDL 2013, which generated significant interest and discussion from the Digital Libraries and preservation communities.
  • Keynotes and papers have been presented at JCDL and TPDL.

5.2 Engagement with publishers and scholarly communication community

-        Need Update Y3: Engagement with FORCE 11 consortium (The Future of Research Communications and e-Scholarship;,

Prof. Goble was involved in the organization of the Beyond PDF 2 workshop (, where the Wf4Ever project had a strong presence by providing both scientific presentations and technical demonstrations.

Dr. Roos, Prof. Goble,  Dr. Zhao, and Dr. Corcho were involved in the organization of the Workshop 'What bioinformaticians need to know about digital publishing beyond the PDF' at ISMB/ECCB 2013 (Intelligent Systems in Molecular Biology and the European Conference of Computational Biology), the largest conference in the field of bioinformatics that is held every two years. The workshop combined publishers and leaders in the field of digital publishing for a broad audience of bioinformaticians and '-omics' researchers. Speakers:  Phil Bourne (UCSD), Rebecca Lawrence (F1000), Scott Edmunds (GigaScience); chair: prof. Goble. Panel: Phil Bourne, Rebecca Lawrence, Anita de Waard (Elsevier), Niklas Blomberg (director Elixir), Larry Hunter (University of Colorado); chair: prof. Barend Mons (LUMC). Their was wide acclaim for continuing the workshop, both by the audience and the ISMB organizers. The workshop showed the possibilities that publishers offer in digital publishing and the results of the case study to combine Research Objects, the ISA format and tools (Investigation, Study, Assay), and Nanopublications: a collaboration between wf4ever, the ISA team, OpenPHACTS, and GigaScience. See We are discussing an 'instructions to authors' paper for F1000, co-authored by wf4ever scientists and editors of F1000, GigaScience and Elsevier.

We have further engaged with Nature Genetics (Myles Axton), the ISA team led by Susana Sansone, who is also involved in the data activities of Nature Publishing group.

Wf4Ever project has been engaged with GigaScience (, a new journal founded by the Beijing Genomics Institute (BGI) that enables researchers to publish (genomics) datasets. Wf4ever member Prof Goble (UNIMAN) is a member of the GigaScience scientific advisory board, and GigaScience workflow developer Peter Li is active user of wf4ever, taking part in our user-oriented development sprints and offering regular feedback on the project's outcomes.

Need Update Y3. Two collaborations related to the RO have been further developed in Y3: (i) The collaboration with the Nanopublication community (, an initiative to enable publishing 'minimal units of thought' with attribution and provenance that is implemented by a minimal Semantic Web model, (ii) the ISA (Investiation, Study, Assay) team led by Susana Sansone at the Oxford eResearch Centre. ISA is widely adopted set of models and tools for study capture. It originates in bioinformatics, but is general for experimental science. The RO model complements both models by its aggregation and annotation abilities.

Need Update Y3: Collaboration with Elsevier, as part of a strategic cooperation with the University of Manchester and Elsevier. Followed up specifically regarding packaging and relating nanopublications to the Elsevier Text Cloud initiative. (Any news on this?)

Dr. José Manuel Gómez-Pérez is leading a technology transfer inititative between iSOCO and the American Psycological Association. The American Psychological Association is the largest scientific and professional organization representing psychology in the United States. APA is the world's largest association of psychologists, with more than 134,000 researchers, educators, clinicians, consultants and students as its members. The objective of this project is to enhance APA's capabilities to structure and access information about their journals and members and increase the automation of their editorial workflow.

Wf4Ever project has been working in the development of two cases studies on Research Objects with:

  1. GigaScience, Nanopublications and ISA.
  2. F1000 Research

5.3 Engagement with the scientific researchers

Astronomy community

  • A collaboration with Spanish Virtual Observatory (SVO) has been stablished so to migrate use cases making use of Virtual Observatory web services and software to workflows. Several use cases have been ported to AstroTaverna workflows and presented in Heidelberg IVOA Interop.  A school on VO workflows has been organized at the offices of SVO at the Centro de Astrobiologia (CAB - CSIC) in Villafranca del Castillo (Madrid). The SVO together with AMIGA group have been proposing functional requirements for the developments of AstroTaverna plugin. It has been agreed to continue this collaboration beyond  Wf4Ever project in order to present the results in a special session on workflows organized by the IVOA Grid and Web Services WG in the next IVOA Interop to be held in ESAC - May 2014.
  • A collaboration with Paris-Meudon Observatory has been stablished in order to provide access to semantically self-described web services with PDL language through AstroTaverna plugin. Several PDL-described services have been implemented in Paris-Meudon Observatory. Moreover, the development of a prototype for a client access to PDL services in AstroTaverna plugin has cleared the way for PDL to become a de facto standard in IVOA. As a first step the collaboration has been focused on the integration of a client access for generic services described with PDL XML using PDL Java API, a second step now in progress is the development of a small ontology for generic services and tasks on the astro domain based on the study and improvement of PDL. 

Genomics and Bioinformatics community

Update on engagement news with:

-        Marco Roos (LUMC) leads the 'Interoperability Task Force of the Netherlands BioInformatics Center (NBIC). Through this community initiative, it connects Wf4Ever to interoperability activities in the Netherlands, several with an international outreach. This includes nanopublication, ERflow/SHIWA activities, systems biology (e.g. study capture with RightField), and biomedical projects such as Open PHACTS and TraIT (TI Centre for Translational Molecular Medicine), and private partners of NBIC such as DSM.

-        'Data Integration and Stewardship Centre' (DISC) is a new national initiative fostering public-private partnership in the Netherlands that aims to join forces on data stewardship for researchers who have to deal with big data, but are not necessarily data experts. DISC also represents the Dutch national node in ELIXIR (The European Life Science Infrastructure for Biological Information, with the tagline: 'Data for Life'). The NBIC ITF will naturally become a DISC activity in 2014.

-        wf4ever has had a major impact on ISMB/ECCB 2013, the largest bioinformatics conference held every two years: (i) Keynote lecture by Prof. Goble, (ii) Workshop on 'What bioinformaticians need to know about digital publishing beyond the PDF', (iii) Technology track presentation by Marco Roos about the models and tools that facilitate digital publishing beyond the PDF, (iv) posters about RO-encapsulated workflows and nanopublications. Also see 'engagement with scholarly communication community'.  [NOTE: not sure where the workshop fits best - Marco]

-        European Strategy Forum on Research and Innovation (ESFRI)

-        The Northwest Institute for Bio-Health Informatics (NIBHI) on the possible adoption of Wf4Ever models and methods in the project catalogue.

Music Research Community

Alongside long-term collaborators in the Music Information Retrieval (MIR) and computational musicology fields, Page and De Roure have presented Research Objects as part of the ongoing development of more sophisticated semantic research infrastructure for the MIR, audio processing, and musicology domains. This has led to presentations in the special MIRrors session at ISMIR 2012 (International Society of MIR conference), SoundSoftware workshop ("Sustainable Software for Audio and Music Research"), and continuing input to the ongoing MIREX-NG project (MIREX is the annual evaluation of algorithm effectiveness within MIR; MIREX-NG is developing long term sustainable approaches and tooling for this task). Through our aforementioned collaboration with the TIMBUS project this has also led to development of a joint scenario in MIR workflow development. Research Objects are being taken forward within several project proposals within the music domain, including the recently awarded AHRC large grant "Transforming Musicology" of which Wf4Ever members at the Oxford e-Research Centre are partners.

Other communities?

EU Smart Society Knowledge of workflow composition and sharing, and the notion of Computational Research Objects, are being fed into the development of composition protocols for Collective Adaptive Systems (CAS) within the ongoing EU Smart Society project, of which Wf4Ever members are also participants (page and De Roure).

6. Engagement with standardization initiatives


Contribution to the development of a standard for the semantic description of web services. The Parameter Description Language (PDL) [1] has been developed in the IVOA Grid and Web Services WG with the aim to provide an XML-based language describing parameters (and their related constraints) as well as expected output results in scientific web services. This is achieved with full semantic description of web services, providing as well interoperability among web services, needed for the orchestration of services and data into workflows. PDL is at the stage of IVOA Proposed Recommendation since 26 September 2013.


W3C Provenance

A substantial contribution to this standardization activity [2], including authorship of several specifications, was made by various members of the Wf4Ever project. @@TODO: more burb?


W3C Linked Data Platform (LDP)

Wf4Ever member Kevin Page is a member of the W3C Linked Data Platform Working Group ( contributing experience gained in development of the Wf4Ever architecture to the merging of Linked Data and RESTful principles, as well as brining Wf4Ever preservation scenarios to the WG uses cases.

W3C Research Object for Scholarly Communication Community Group (ROSC)

The W3C Research Object for Scholarly Communication Community Group (ROSC) was initiated, and is now co-chaired by, Wf4Ever members.


Wf4Ever member Graham Klyne has contributed to the NISO/OAI ResourceSync specification [3,4], which is an important part of web infrastructure needed to maintain resource archives in a distributed web environment. The work is expected to supplant the earlier OAI/PMH specification, as well as to support sharing of arbitrary web-based repository resources and metadata.



7. Event Organization

Er-Flow Workshop

A two-days visit of members of EU FP7 Project Er-Flow (Claudio Vuerli and Giuliano Castelli) to the Instituto Astrofísica de Andalucía (Granada) has been jointly organized with AMIGA group, also with interested astronomy groups at IAA - CSIC on the 16th and 17th JulyER-Flow aims at building European Research Communities, including the astronomical one, to promote the porting and the execution of applications on distributed computing infrastructures. A seminar was scheduled on July 16th at 12:00, where the ER-flow representatives exposed their projects and related activities, the purpose of their two-days visit and what they actually proposed to astronomers of the IAA in terms of porting existing use-cases to the SHIWA Simulation Platform (SSP) and then to the EGI computing infrastructure. After the seminar, three groups were interested to establish a collaboration with ER-flow, and individual meetings were scheduled with the project representatives.

School for VO Workflows

The AstroTaverna plugin was presented in a School for VO Workflows on April 4th 2013. This one-day hands-on school was held in the main offices of Spanish Virtual Observatory at the Centro de Astrobiologia (CAB - CSIC) in Villafranca del Castillo (Madrid), and addressed to eight people composing the Spanish Virtual Observatory (SVO) core. This activity is placed in the context of the Wf4Ever/SVO collaboration for the dissemination of VO Workflows methodology among the astronomy research community.

(the below also reported above in the DL and Preservation section)

  • Wf4Ever members organised the 1st International Workshop on the Digital Preservation of Research Methods and Artefacts (DPRMA 2013) at the Joint Conference on Digital Libraries 2013.
  • Wf4Ever members co-organised and delivered the tutorial "From Preserving Data to Preserving Research - Curation of Process and Context" at both iPres 2013 and TPDL 2013, which generated significant interest and discussion from the Digital Libraries and preservation communities.
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